Wednesday, April 19

Short Definitions of Commonly-Used Government Terms

Government simply means the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed. This act of governing the activities by which government policies are made and implemented has different forms of governance.


Thus, the governance of nations differs significantly based on who has power. And power takes on different forms in different societies.

Below is a collection of the commonly-used terms of government, with concise definitions:
1.        Democracy: This is the government of the people, for the people and by the people.
2.        Autocracy: This is the government ruled by sovereign (i.e. a single individual) with uncontrolled authority.
3.        Aristocracy: This is the government controlled by the nobles (i.e. the most powerful members of a society).
4.        Bureaucracy: This is the government ruled by department of state. It is also known as red-tapism.
5.        Oligarchy: This is the government ruled by the few for the interest of the few.
6.        Plutocracy: This the government ruled by wealthy people in the society.
7.        Hierarchy: This is the government ruled by a ranked body; by priests or religion leaders.
8.        Theocracy: This is the government ruled through divine guidance.
9.        Episcopacy: This is the government of the church ruled by bishop.
10.  Stratocracy: This is the government ruled by the military officers.
11.  Kakistocracy: This is the government ruled by worse citizen(s).
12.  Monarchy: This is the government ruled by one individual (i.e. an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority).
13.  Anarchy: This is the government ruled by none (i.e. a state of lawlessness and disorder which is usually resulting from a failure of government).
14.  Kleptocracy: This is the government ruled by the thieves.
15.  Meritocracy: This is the government ruled by the meritorious (i.e. a form of social system in which power goes to those with superior intellects).
16.  Technocracy: This is the government ruled by the technical experts or scientists.

Click this link to read other 150+ shortly-defined terms of government.


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