Thursday, November 10

5 Significant Impact of Agricultural Development in Nigeria

Agriculture plays a vital role in the development of all nations. A nation that can feed her population can save a lot of money for other goods and services that are not provided through agriculture.

What is the meaning of Agriculture?
Anyanwu (1998) defined “agriculture” as the cultivation of the land for the purpose of producing food for man, feed for animals and fiber or raw materials for industries. It also includes rearing of animals, the processing and marketing of agricultural produce.

5 Significant Impact of Agricultural Development in Nigeria

Agriculture also means techniques, including the application of agronomic research, aimed at the cultivation of the soil, rearing of livestock and utilization of plants and animals for man's use. The small scale industries connected with the processing of agricultural products also come under Agriculture.

Importance of Agriculture
A. PRODUCTION OF FOOD FOR GROWING POPULATION OF THE WORLD:
The population of the world is increasing at an alarming rate. This means that there is increased demand for food. The fact that this teeming world population cannot depend on the collection of wild animals for their food emphasizes the importance of Agriculture.

B. PRODUCTION OF FEED FOR ANIMALS:
Protein is a very important part of man's food. Agriculture produces feed for the animals that turns the feed into animal protein for human consumption.

C. PRODUCTION OF FIBER FOR THE INDUSTRIES:
Here, fiber stands for all the raw materials that come from the farm. Cotton wool, palm produce, hides and skins are a few of the agricultural products that form raw materials used by industries.

D. PROVISION OF EMPLOYMENT:
Agriculture creates employment for millions of people all over the world in Nigeria; over 80% of the populations are engaged in agriculture.

E. THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE EARNING:
Agricultural products are major export products in many countries especially in the less industrialized countries of the world like Nigeria.

Problems of Agricultural Development in Nigeria
Nigerians are predominantly farmers. About 78% of the Nigeria populations are farmers, comparing this with the figures for the advanced countries e.g. 8% for United States of America and about 5% for Britain. It becomes very obvious that majority of Nigerian farmers are subsistent farmers. This is an evidence of lack of development since everybody will have to produce his own food and nobody will use his own resources to plan and create development in other sectors.

Since there is the desire in these areas for development both in Agriculture and other sectors, the problems which militate against the development of Agriculture needs to be identified and tackled.

Some of these problems are:
· Local customs of the people
· Poverty
· Ignorance and inadequate extension services
· Inadequate supply of suitable tools and machine, and other farm inputs like fertilizers, herbicides, pesticide, etc.
· Inadequate technology in the handling, preservation, storage and marketing of the farm products
· Lack of basic amenities
· Pest and diseases
· Government policy and program


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